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In medical terms, mucus that builds up in the back of the nose, throat, or lungs is called chronic catarrh. Nasal congestion, postnasal dripping, and the unpleasant feeling that mucus is always building up in the nose are the symptoms of this disease. Cold and allergies are two examples of short-term illnesses that can cause catarrh. Usually, it disappears after the disease is over. 

Dr. Mas Takashima, an ENT physician at Houston Methodist who specializes in treating nose and sinus problems, says “It’s not always just a runny nose”.” Sneezing, congestion, coughing, and nose irritation are some of the several symptoms that are linked to this disease. It generally isn’t a problem, but it can be annoying. Some people have symptoms which can last for months or even years.  

Pollen, dust, and other toxic particles often cause inflammation. Sinus infections that come back, changes in the weather, or hormones that don’t trigger an allergic reaction. Irritation and making too much mucus can cause pain, nosebleeds, and loss of taste and smell. Chronic catarrh patients cough because mucus spills into the throat. It can be treated by avoiding the things that make it worse, keeping your nose clean with water rinses, staying hydrated, and taking the medicines your doctor gives you. This blog looks deeper into: 

  • What are the Chronic Catarrh symptoms? 
  • What are the causes of Chronic Catarrh? 
  • How can Chronic Catarrh Diagnose? 
  • How to get rid of Chronic Catarrh? 
  • What are the Chronic Catarrh treatments? 

Chronic Catarrh Symptoms 

If you have flu, sinus, or allergy, you may get catarrh. Some of the symptoms are:  

Constantly blocked nose:

Constant feeling of blockage from nasal congestion makes it difficult to breathe freely through the nose. 

Excess Mucus: 

It causes the nose to make too much mucus, which causes a runny nose and a feeling of tightness. 

Mucus Drain: 

If you have this condition and mucus drains down your throat, it can irritate your throat and make you cough a lot. 


Continuous coughing is a common symptom of this illness. It is most noticeable in the morning or after sleeping. 

Sore Throat: 

In this condition, irritation from post-nasal drip can cause a sore throat that lasts for a long time and makes it hard to swallow and talk. 

Reduced Ability to Smell and Taste: 

This can cause inflammation, which can make it hard to fully enjoy smells and tastes. This can reduce the sense of smell and taste. 

Headache and facial pain: 

If you are suffering, you may feel pain in your face and have a severe headache. 

What are the causes of Chronic Catarrh? 

There are many possible causes of chronic catarrh. This can be triggered by: 

  • Sinus infection. 
  • Cold or fever. 
  • Eating spicy foods.
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy. 
  • Environmental changes. 
  • Changes in weather.  
  • Pollution.
  • Smoke of cigarette. 
  • Allergic reaction to things, such as spray, dust, and toxic particles in the air. 
  • Hormonal changes in the menstruation cycle. 

Diagnosis of Chronic Catarrh 

There is no test for catarrh because it doesn’t seem to be caused by a real disease. Allergy, mucus tests, and CT X-rays of the sinuses do not help treat people with symptoms of this condition 

The doctor will ask the person about their symptoms during the appointment. The following potential reasons will be checked out: 

  • infections caused by germs.
  • polyps inside the nose.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux Disease (GERD) or Gastroesophageal reflux (GER). 

The doctor may use a small portable torch to look up the person’s nose or down their throat. 

Chronic Catarrh Treatments 

The treatment of this condition targets inflammation, symptoms, and cause and effect. For an accurate diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan, it’s important to talk to a healthcare expert. Here are some common procedures to treat the problem: 


Both over-the-counter and prescription antihistamines can help relieve symptoms caused by allergies by reducing inflammation. 


Nasal decongestant sprays or pills can briefly clear up stuffy noses and make it easier to breathe. To prevent rebound effects, nasal sprays should only be used for brief periods as advised.

Nasal Corticosteroids:

Nasal corticosteroid sprays that you get from a doctor can successfully reduce swelling and mucus production in the nose. 

Saline Sprays and Rinses:

Using saline nasal sprays or rinsing your nose with water can help clear mucus and ease congested nasal passages. 

Professional Evaluation:

Talk to a medical professional to get an in-depth examination and evaluation of your health. 

Nasal Surgery:

In some cases, surgeries like septoplasty (to fix a bent sinus) or turbinate reduction may be used to improve nasal airflow and reduce chronic inflammation. 

It’s important to remember that different people respond differently to treatments, and it may be necessary to use more than one method to treat this condition successfully. Also, you need to talk to a doctor or nurse regularly to keep track of your progress, change your treatments, and make sure you get the best possible care for your condition. 

How to get rid of Chronic Catarrh at home? 

Here’s what you can do at home to treat chronic catarrh: 

Stay hydrated. 

Drinking plenty of water helps keep mucus thin and easy to get rid of. This makes it easier to breathe and reduces congestion and pain. 

Nose Irrigation: 

Rinse your nose with water, use a saline nasal spray. This can help get rid of extra mucus and allergens, which can help relieve tightness and swelling. 

Inhaling steam: 

inhale steam from a bowl of hot water or a steam device. Steam makes it easier to breathe by wetting and relaxing irritated nasal passageways. 


Use a humidifier in your home, especially in your bedroom, to keep humidity at the right level. 

Warm Compress: 

Putting a warm compress on your nose and sinuses for a few minutes can help clear up congestion and ease swelling. 

Raise Your Head: 

Sleeping with your head just a little bit lifted can help stop post-nasal dripping while preventing mucus from building up in your throat. 

Healthy Diet: 

To support your immune system and general respiratory health, eat a balanced diet full of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. 

Eliminate Irritants: 

Stay away from tobacco smoke, strong smells, and other things that can make inflammation and swelling worse. 

Rest and Managing Stress: 

 Getting enough rest and learning to deal with stress can help your immune system and lower inflammation. 

Exercise regularly: 

Doing exercises daily is good for your blood circulation and lungs. 

Warm Liquids: 

Drinking warm liquids like herbal teas, plain soups, and warm water with honey can help soothe your throat and reduce discomfort. 


Gargling with warm salt water can help relieve a sore throat from post-nasal drip. 

Proper Cleaning: 

Keep your living space clean to protect yourself from allergens and insects as well. Clean your home’s beds, vacuum, and dust often. 

Managing allergens: 

If allergies are causing your chronic catarrh, you should take steps to limit your exposure to allergens, such as covering your pillows and beds with covers that don’t let allergens in. 

Remember that these home treatments can help with disease, but they might not solve the problem permanently. Get checked out by a doctor if your symptoms don’t improve or if they’re affecting your daily life severely. 


In conclusion, dealing with chronic catarrh requires a general plan that includes both self-care treatments at home and consultation with doctors. People can avoid pain by doing things that are easy and effective, like drinking warm water, avoiding allergens, and rinsing their noses. The importance of seeking individualized care from a medical expert cannot be overstated. However, frequent catarrh may be a symptom of more serious health issues that require specialized treatment. People can deal with the problems of chronic catarrh if they have the right information and an effective plan. This will give them the ability to breathe easily again and live a more comfortable life 

For complete care of your lungs, throat, runny nose, or chronic catarrh, schedule your appointment with us here. We offer customized medical check-up and treatment crucial for managing chronic catarrh


Frequently Asked Questions

Why do I have constant catarrh?

Catarrh generally comes from factors like allergies (such as pollen, and dust mites), irritants (such as smoke, and pollution), sinus infections, or non-allergic triggers.

Does chronic catarrh ever go away?

Different people can have different signs of chronic catarrh. In some cases, it might get better or go away on its own, but most of the time, it needs to be managed and treated to make the symptoms go away.

What's the difference between phlegm and catarrh?

In contrast to catarrh, which is a medical condition that causes an excessive buildup of phlegm in these areas, mucus is the substance that lines the lungs, throat, mouth, nose, sinuses, and digestive system. Phlegm is mostly water. Catarrh is a condition that happens when the parts of the respiratory system get too much mucus.

What does chronic catarrh feel like?

Chronic catarrh can cause a constant feeling of stuffiness or congestion in the nose, a runny or stuffed nose with thick or thin mucus, postnasal drip, which is when mucus drips down the back of the throat, and a feeling of mucus building up.

How do you know if you have chronic catarrh?

Chronic catarrh can happen if you have signs like stuffy nose, too much mucus production, postnasal drip, and pain that goes along with it for a long time (usually more than 8 weeks).

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